Poltava Territorial Community
The Poltava community is located in the Poltava region. It includes 56 population centers. The total area of the community is 550.3 square kilometers.
As of January 1, 2023, the population of the community was 312,020 people.
Internally displaced persons: 62,000 (officially registered)
First mentioned in 1174, Poltava was a historically famous fortress city. From 1648, it was recognized as a full-fledged city – the military-administrative center of the Poltava Regiment as part of the Hetman’s Ukraine (from 1648 to 1775).
At the end of 1848, about 15,000 residents lived in the city, and in 1865, the number of citizens was 30,984.
During the Second World War, Poltava was actually destroyed, therefore, after the liberation of the city in 1943, a layout of a new master plan and priority measures for the reconstruction of the city were developed, and in 1949, a general plan was drawn up, which provided for the development of the city for 20 years.
Starting from the middle of the 20th century, Poltava was actively developed according to the Soviet master plans, mainly based on the principle of micro-district development.
Modern Poltava can be characterized as a city with a low population density and sufficient free territories within the city limits.
The hallmark of the city of Poltava is the White Gazebo, which was built in 1909, destroyed during the Second World War and then restored. Its location on the top of Ivanova Mount is one of the oldest in the city.
Walking from the Gazebo, you can visit Ivan Kotlyarevsky’s Manor Museum, which is included in the list of architectural monuments of national importance. Taras Shevchenko visited here in 1845 and managed to sketch Kotlyarevsky’s manor. It was based on his watercolor sketch that a small estate was rebuilt for the 200th anniversary of Kotlyarevsky – an almost exact copy of the writer’s hut of the 18th century.
Opposite the White Gazebo is the landmark of the city – the Assumption Cathedral.
Founded in 1891, it is one of Ukraine’s oldest museums. Today, the museum’s exposition consists of departments of nature, archaeology, ethnography and history.
On June 27, 1709, the Battle of Poltava took place on these lands, which had far-reaching consequences for Europe. The protection zone of the historical field has a total area of 771.5 hectares.
Economy and Welfare
Poltava still remains a city of transitional economy. The large industrial enterprises of machine building and light industry, left to the city as a legacy from Soviet times, have almost completely collapsed, although individual objects were able to transform and adapt to the needs of the market economy and work relatively efficiently in the food industry, as well as in the agro-industrial and oil and gas complex. The development of the latter is due to the location of the city in a region rich in hydrocarbon resources.
The city of Poltava traditionally belongs to the North-Eastern Economic District .
The Poltava Heavy Machinery Plant is one of the largest enterprises in the city and province. They specialize in the production of heavy engineering equipment, including quarry equipment, drilling equipment, other types of special equipment and metal structures. The company is recognized for its quality and technology of products and carries out successful export activities to several countries of the world.
The Kernel group is one of the largest agricultural companies in Ukraine and Europe, which engages in a wide range of agricultural activities. It was founded in 1994 and has been a leader in the market of agricultural products for decades.
The company specializes in cultivation and processing of agricultural crops.
It owns extensive land areas and modern technologies in the field of agricultural production. Kernel has a great reputation and is an important actor in creating new jobs and developing the regional economy in Poltava and Ukraine.
The Poltava community takes care of the health of residents through various measures and programs, namely: providing access to medical care, disease prevention, promoting the development of physical culture, medical programs and treatment, cooperation with public health organizations.
The Poltava community also supports the development of health sanatoriums and recreation facilities. The health sanatoriums (Prophylactic Clinic Polissia, Sanatorium Mercury, Sanatorium Poltava) offer various programs to improve the state of health.
In addition, a new project Scandinavian Rhythm is being implemented in the community. This initiative is aimed at popularizing an active and healthy lifestyle.
Also, the construction of a rehabilitation center is planned in the future, which will help improve rehabilitation services and support the health of the community residents.
The Poltava territorial community provides quality education for its residents by offering a variety of educational opportunities from kindergarten to higher education institutions. There are 51 preschool institutions, 54 secondary education institutions and 6 institutions of higher education functioning in the community.
There are 6 universities and institutes in the Poltava community and the city of Poltava, which are developing and providing access to quality education for students of various specializations.
Community and War
On February 24, martial law was introduced in Ukraine. Only critical infrastructure facilities worked.
Poltava has been helping Ukraine to survive the war, actually finding itself a buffer between the combat zone and the conditional rear.
On February 28, 2022, two orphanages from Kharkiv region were evacuated by train through Poltava. Children between the ages of 2 and 10 fled the war. The stop in Poltava lasted only 10 minutes. and the task was to feed more than a hundred children during this time. Entrepreneurs of the city together with the Poltava City Council gathered together and prepared hot lunches for 108 children. Food and everything necessary for a comfortable trip was served at the windows of the train.
And on March 1, 2022, two buses of evacuated children arrived in Poltava. In less than two hours, the people of Poltava brought an incredible amount of baby food, diapers, hygiene products, toys, clothes, water, fruits, and vegetables.
On February 28, 2022, a 24-hour coordination center for the settlement of internally displaced persons started working in the Poltava city territorial community. Specialists of the 24/7 call center resettled displaced people in communal institutions and housing that was offered by Poltava residents for free. They also gave advice on various services and provided transfers to educational institutions for settlement. Managers of tourist complexes and hotels also accommodated the displaced persons.
For a long time, the delivery of humanitarian aid to internally displaced persons continued in the premises of the Poltava City Council. From the very beginning of the war, the deputies, together with other volunteers and entrepreneurs, provided active support to the schools where those who were left without housing were settled. In addition, territorial defense was supported by providing them with fuel and lubricants and warning signs for roadblocks.
Poltava received 5 ambulances equipped for first aid from Great Britain. Since there were no active hostilities in Poltava, the ambulances were sent to places where they were needed to rescue the wounded and sick.
Poltava actively cooperates with the International Committee of the Red Cross, receiving humanitarian goods to meet the needs of the center for accommodating internally displaced persons.
With the support of Polish and British partners, a modular town for 500 people was built and opened. The Poltava territorial community is determined to thoroughly develop this direction and provide housing for an even greater number of internally displaced persons.
People of the Community
At the moment, the duties of the mayor are performed by the secretary of the city council, Kateryna Yamshchykova.
At the end of May 2022, she voluntarily joined the ranks of the Armed Forces of Ukraine — she began her service as a medical worker of the 116th separate territorial defense brigade.
During the execution of combat missions by the military unit in Donetsk region, she performed the duties of the head of the medical service for the evacuation of the wounded as part of the Medical Yetti unit.
Since 2019, she has been a member of the public organization Save Poltava on behalf of business in matters of cultural heritage preservation and the architecture of buildings in which business activities are implemented.
Participant of the public project Krokuy. Poltava: creation of the first modern map of the historical center of the city. Co-organizer of theatrical social excursions.
Initiator and co-organizer of the public action to support and revive folk traditions Poltava Shchedruye since 2018.
By 2030, Poltava aims to become a powerful regional center integrated into the national and global economy. A diversified ecologically oriented economy of the city, which uses modern scientific knowledge, creative ideas and innovations, will provide residents with a high quality of life and the opportunity to develop, obtain a thorough education and realize their own business potential in the labor market.
Six key development areas offer approaches that will best meet the needs of current and future residents for comfortable and safe living, namely:
- Diversification of the economy.
- Strengthening the status of Poltava as a regional center.
- Housing and infrastructure.
- Development of culture and tourism.
- Environment and development of green areas.
- Improved mobility.
List of Sources
- The investment passport of Poltava
- The 2030 concept of integrated development of the city of Poltava
- The 2021-2027 Development Strategy of the Poltava Region
- Official website of the Poltava City Council
- Official website of the Poltava Regional Council