Lityn Territorial Community
The Lityn Settlement Territorial Community is located in the northwestern part of the Vinnytsia Region. The total area of the territorial community is 587 km2. Most lands in the community are covered by agricultural lands – 71% and forests – 19%.
The total population of the Lityn Community amounts to 22,828 people, in particular, the village of Lityn has a population of 6,652 people and the residents of the villages total 16,176 people.
Women: 12,061 residents
Men: 10,767 residents
Children under 18 – 4,182 residents
In 2022, 2,625 internally displaced persons found shelter in the Lityn Community. At the beginning of 2023, 859 refugees lived in the community, including 270 children.
The community includes 36 settlements.
The first written mention of Lityn dates back to 20 June 1391, in the deed of Fedir Koriatovych, the owner of the Podillia land
In 1566, Lityn became a centre. After the formation of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, in 1569 Lityn became part of the Bratslav Voivodship. In 1578, Polish King Stefan Batory granted Lityn various privileges and Magdeburg rights. According to these rights, the town had its self-government and its own judiciary.
On 07 March 1923, the town became the district centre with the formation of the Lityn District of the Vinnytsia area.
In 2020, the Lityn District was liquidated, and the settlement of Lityn became the administrative centre of the Lityn Settlement Territorial Community.
The parishioners of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church rebuilt the Cathedral on the site and according to sketches of the Cathedral completely destroyed by the soviet authorities in the 1930s.
There is also a well-known source in Podillia – the Spring of the Holy Mother of God on the outskirts of Lityn, known and respected by many parishioners of the Orthodox Church of Ukraine.
Economy and Welfare
The production of agricultural and industrial products is actively developed in the territory of the Lityn Community. Most local residents work in this area.
The largest enterprises of the Lityn Territorial Community include the Lityn Dairy, which produces a large number of cheeses and other dairy products.
Water and electric towel dryers made of stainless steel pipes are manufactured as well, and these products are exported to 19 countries of the world. There is a brick and printing factory in the territory of the community.
Good natural and climatic conditions and the availability of large areas of agricultural land allow farmers to grow the entire range of crops and obtain high-quality crops.
In addition to agriculture, animal husbandry is developing as well.
There are two powerful leisure complexes operating in the community: the Butterfly country complex and the Green Village Osolynka.
For the development of the community, 11 general secondary education institutions, 7 preschool education institutions and 2 out-of-school education institutions are functioning.
The total number of students at general secondary education institutions is 2,451.
The Lityn inclusive resource centre works for children with special needs and is attended by 237 pupils from all over the Lityn Settlement Territorial Community.
Much attention is paid to the cultural enrichment of the population. 22 clubs, 20 libraries, a music school, and 2 museums work in the territory of the Lityn Community.
One of the museums is the Ustym Karmeliuk Museum, which exhibits items of nature, archaeology, history, in particular, those dating back to the 1813 – 1835 insurgent movement in Podillia.
The Lityn Territorial Community’s leadership cares about the health of its population. It runs one hospital, one polyclinic, six outpatient centres and fifteen first aid centres in the villages.
To ensure the provision of social services to vulnerable and underprivileged categories of its residents, in 2021, the Lityn Settlement Council established the Municipal Institution “Social Services Centre of the Lityn Settlement Council”.
In August 2021, the Municipal Institution “Administrative Services Centre” of the Lityn Settlement Council was established.
A video surveillance network was installed on the streets of Lityn for the safety of the community residents.
Community and War
During the first day of the full-scale russian invasion of Ukraine, the Lityn Community rallied to resist the invaders. The territorial defence units were organized for the round-the-clock patrolling of the villages and the settlement of Lityn. More than 600 Lityn residents went to the front to defend Ukraine from the aggressor. More than 40 defenders have already died in difficult battles for Ukraine.
The Settlement Council provides support to the families of the fallen defenders of Ukraine and wounded servicemen.
The Settlement Council has become a hub to which residents and entrepreneurs bring aid, and then volunteers deliver this aid to the Armed Forces of Ukraine.
When the war broke out, the M-12 road of state importance, which passes through the Lityn Community, was full of cars with refugees fleeing the shelling and heading for the western border of the country. That is why the Settlement Council organized temporary accommodation centres for displaced people in its kindergartens, where they could stay overnight and take meals.
Religious organizations and citizens who have been providing shelter to forced refugees also joined in helping displaced persons.
The premises of the municipal institutions have become places for making trench candles, sewing military ammunition, weaving camouflage nets, cooking and baking.
In order for the residents to be able to charge their phones, contact their relatives, warm up and drink tea during a power outage due to russia’s massive attacks on Ukraine’s power system, two points of invincibility were set up in Lityn.
Many soldiers from the Lityn Community defend Ukraine on the frontlines. Some have been awarded the status of Hero of Ukraine.
Serhii Sobko (born on 11 July 1984 in Lityn) is the Chief of Staff, Deputy Commander of the Territorial Defence Forces of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, a Brigadier General of the Armed Forces of Ukraine.
At the beginning of the full-scale invasion by russia, one of the leaders of the defence of Kyiv, the military commandant of the city. In March 2022, he was awarded the rank of brigadier general.
He was given the title of Hero of Ukraine and the Gold Star order (23 March 2015) for his personal courage, dedication and high professionalism, shown in the defence of the state sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine.
Dmytro Dozirchyi (born on 08 November 1997, Lityn) is the commander of the tank company of the Yakiv Handziuk 59th Separate Motorized Infantry Brigade named after.
He was awarded the title of Hero of Ukraine for his heroism during the defence of the Kherson Region.
Upon the beginning of the full-scale invasion by russian troops of Ukraine, on 24 February 2022, he successfully commanded a tank company in a battle near the town of Oleshky in the Kherson Region, broke through the enemy’s defences on the Antonivsky Bridge across the Dnipro River and ensured the exit of his brigade’s convoys surrounded by the enemy.
People of the Community
The head of the Settlement Council is Anatolii Bychok. He was first elected to the office in 2006 and currently heads the community.
The main areas on which the head of the community concentrates include the solution of issues associated with landscaping, social well-being of the Lityn Community residents, development of education, culture, sports, medicine, and establishment of international relations at the local level.
Every year, overhauls and minor repairs of social facilities, road surfaces and street lighting are carried out in the community. Rest areas for children and young people are being organized.
In order to implement democratic governance and establish understanding between the authorities and the people, the Settlement Council introduced a new local self-government practice – the Public Budget program, which enables every resident to participate in the distribution of local public funds through the creation of projects to improve the development of the community.
Personal contribution of Anatolii Bychko to the establishment of good international relations is significant. Back in 2011, a Partnership Agreement on Friendly Relations was signed between Lityn and Wolsztyn (Republic of Poland). As a result of established cooperation, the communities can exchange work experience in various spheres of cultural, social and spiritual life. The delegations from Lityn consisting of the representatives of the fire brigade, medicine, culture, education and the police visit the town of Wolsztyn, where they share their work experience.
Amateur creativity is being developed in the community, and the groups such as Horlytsia and Chance are regular participants of international festivals in Wolsztyn representing Ukrainian culture at the European level. In 2019, these artistic teams presented all the beauty of the Ukrainian national traditions at the DEUTSCHES TRACHTENFEST folklore festival held in Germany. In turn, the Lityn Community receives delegations and teams from the town of Wolsztyn.
Polish volunteers, with the constant support of the Mayor of Wolshtyn, are helping create voluntary fire brigades in the Lityn Community: two fire trucks and special equipment for firefighters have been handed over.
In 2023, the Lityn Central District Hospital received an ambulance and medical preparations from the partner town of Wolsztyn (Republic of Poland).
As the war broke out, the Wolshtyn-Lityn friendship community organized a campaign to raise humanitarian aid for the residents of the Lityn Community and military servicemen of the Armed Forces of Ukraine.
Unit 6: Development Strategy
The authorities’ priority objectives involve attracting new and developing existing businesses in the community, improving the quality of education and training, the quality of medical services, road infrastructure, proper water supply and drainage. As well as increasing the level of community security.