Sad Territorial Community
The Sad Rural Territorial Community is a community in the north-eastern part of Ukraine in the Sumy District of the Sumy Region.
The village of Sad is the administrative centre. The Sad Rural Territorial Community includes thirty-three localities: thirty-two rural localities and one town locality.
As of 01 October 2023, the population of the Community totalled 11,100 residents.
Men: 5,296 residents (47.7%)
Women: 5,804 residents (52.3%)
The number of internally displaced persons is 850 people.
The village of Sad is one of the youngest villages of the Sumy District. Its development is associated with the history of the Sumy Research Station, which was formed during the period of 1905 – 1913. In the process of reforms, it was reorganized into the Institute of Agriculture of the Northeast, National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine.
In 1905, an agricultural research station was founded at the Sumy Agricultural School. In 1910, the station was separated from the school and moved to a new location. This is how the village of Doslidne emerged, which was renamed the village of Sad in 1977.
As part of the implementation process, the Sad Rural Territorial Community was formed on 25 October 2020. The Sad Community consists of seven former village councils.
The Sad Community has its own historical and cultural heritage, which consists of thirty-eight cultural heritage landmarks. They include a large number of archaeological, historical, and architectural sites.
In 1678, Herasym Kondratiev built the first wooden Church of John the Baptist in Nyzy in memory of his son Ivan, who died during the battle with the Tatars. Sugar factory owner Mykola Sukhanov, who was the starosta of the Transfiguration Cathedral, had a dream to build a brick church in Nyzy. In 1909, on his deathbed, he bequeathed the completion of construction to his sons and nephew.
The temple was consecrated in June 1910 by Archbishop Arseny of Kharkiv.
The building of the former Kondratiev manor has preserved its main architectural forms. The museum is surrounded on all sides by a wonderful park, which has also been preserved to this day with a central avenue, paths among jasmine bushes, pines, maples, spruces; a monument to the outstanding composer was erected in the middle of this park as a sign of commemoration of his stay in Nyzy.
In 1982, the Nyzy Park was declared a natural site of local importance.
Nature reserves are located in the territory of the Community – nature reserve sites.
The Crane Reserve has been an ornithological reserve of national importance since 1982. It is located three minutes away from the village of Nyzy. Its area is 258 hectares. The grey crane lives there; it is listed in the Red Book of Ukraine, and red book plants also grow there:
Only at a distance of 16 kilometres away from Sumy, impressive landscapes stretch on seven hills, inspire artists and captivate fans of active tourism.
Unique paleontological landmarks that are more than 30 million years old and an archaeological complex from the 8th – 14th centuries as part of a hillfort, two settlements and a burial mound have been preserved there.
The mystique of the territory is added by Lysa Mountain, on which, according to the old-timers, trees have never grown. These places are popular among photographers seeking romantic photo sessions, and outdoor enthusiasts use the slopes for paragliding and skiing in winter. Many people call this place Sumy’s Switzerland. In fact, it is a geological landmark of nature termed Spikes of the Poltava Tier.
It is located on the western outskirts of the village of Shpylivka, on the slope of a deep gully – the right, native bank of the Psel River. The area is 6.6384 hectares.
Every year an educational and practical seminar on the development of hemp cultivation is held in the village of Sad as part of the HempFest ethno-folkloric agricultural festival.
Economy and Welfare
The agrarian sector is the leading economic branch in the Sad Community.
The core activities there include the cultivation of grain, leguminous and oilseed crops; breeding of dairy cattle.
427 business entities are registered in the territory of the Community, which mostly work in the field of trade and services.
Education functions effectively in the Sad Community, for which the largest part of funds is allocated from the Community budget. Eleven institutions function: four institutions of general secondary education with full-time education, four institutions of preschool education, two institutions of out-of-school education and a centralized accounting department.
The Village Council runs two family-type orphanages, where fifteen orphans are raised.
The Community runs a “Primary Health Care Centre”, where primary health care and disease prevention services are provided. The institution includes three general practice outpatient clinics of family medicine and six paramedic centres.
Community and War
As the full-scale invasion began, the village of Nyzy was occupied by russian troops from 24 February 2022 to 07 March 2022. As a result of the armed aggression of the russian federation against Ukraine, the enemy caused destruction to households; the premises of the general practice outpatient clinic of family medicine in the urban-type village of Nyza were damaged.
On 14 May 2022, the russian invaders launched a rocket attack on the outskirts of the village of Shpylivka. The buildings and facilities of AVIS UKRAGRO GROUP, which operates in the territory of the Community, were damaged and destroyed.
As part of the implementation of the project “Response to the intersectoral humanitarian needs of the displaced population affected by the conflict”, seven generators for the creation of heating points were received from the AKTED Branch international partner organization.
As part of the Humanitarian Aid project implementation, a school bus was received from the International Solidarity Fund, Warsaw, Republic of Poland, for the transportation of students and teachers, as well as for the evacuation of the population if necessary.
People of the Community
Village Council head: Ivan Kriuchkov. He worked in agriculture for 34 years of his working life. Since 2010, he has been an official of local self-government.
Since the beginning of the full-scale war, a solidarity spirit of support and cooperation has been observed in the territory of the Community. Representatives of local businesses have provided special aid to the population in the form of services, medicines, foods, fuel and lubricants, etc.
The main issue today is the organization of protective structures.
With the assistance of the head of the Community, civil defence facilities have been overhauled in three educational institutions this year. Measures have been taken to ensure the stable life of the Community: water mains have been repaired in three localities; reconstruction of the street lighting network has been carried out in four sites. Work continues to switch public institutions to alternative types of fuel.
The Community has approved the “Strategy of Sustainable Development of the Sad Rural Territorial Community for 2023-2027”.
The priority areas of development include:
1) creation of a safe educational environment. Taking into account the aggression by the russian federation and emergency situations due to martial law, there is a need to create defence structures for the temporary protection of participants in the educational process;
2) environmental protection. In order to improve the ecological condition of the environment, comfortable living conditions of the population and to prevent pollution of the natural environment, the construction of local treatment facilities is required. The treatment facilities in the village of Sad are physically and morally outdated; the treatment technology does not work;
3) housing and communal services support. Today, the quality of providing housing and communal services to the population of the Community is quite low. The main problem is the lack of special equipment for maintenance of the existing water supply and drainage network, communal road network, improvement of settlements, collection and disposal of solid household waste, maintenance of street lighting.
4) development of the social sphere, energy efficiency.
List of Sources
- Official website of the Sumy District State Administration
- Official website of the Sad Community
- Official website of the Institute of Agriculture of the Northeast of the National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine
- My Slobozhanskyi Region: Collection of historical and local history materials. _ K.: Foligrant Publishing House, 2006.-М58 356 p., illustrations. – (Small Towns – Big Glory).